Baltimore Catechism II
by William C. Michael
Study Baltimore Catechism II in the Classical Liberal Arts Academy.
Baltimore Catechism II is intended for students preparing for the sacrament of Confirmation. We are happy to provide all of the content of the catechism below, and invite all to make use of our online course in the CLAA Study Center.
Table of Contents- The Lord’s Prayer
- The Angelical Salutation
- The Apostles’ Creed
- The Confiteor
- Acts of Faith, Hope, Love & Contrition- An Act of Faith
- An Act of Hope
- An Act of Love
- An Act of Contrition
- The Blessing Before & After Meals- Blessing Before Meals
- Grace After Meals
- The Manner in Which a Lay Person is to Baptize in Case of Necessity
- On the End of Man
- On God and His Perfections
- On the Unity and Trinity of God
- On Creation
- On Our First Parents and the Fall
- On Sin and Its Kinds
- On the Incarnation and Redemption
- On Our Lord’s Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
- On the Holy Ghost and His Descent Upon the Apostles
- On the Effects of the Redemption
- On the Church
- On the Attributes and Marks of the Church
- On the Sacraments in General
- On Baptism
- On Confirmation
- On the Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Ghost
- On the Sacrament of Penance
- On Contrition
- On Confession
- On the Manner of Making a Good Confession
- On Indulgences
- On the Holy Eucharist
- On the Ends for Which the Holy Eucharist was Instituted
- On the Sacrifice of the Mass
- On Extreme Unction and Holy Orders
- On Matrimony
- On the Sacramentals
- On Prayer
- On the Commandments of God
- On the First Commandment
- The First Commandment — On the Honor and Invocation of Saints
- From the Second to the Fourth Commandment
- From the Fourth to the Seventh Commandment
- From the Seventh to the End of the Tenth Commandment
- On the First and Second Commandments of the Church
- On the Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Commandments of the Church
- On the Last Judgement and the Resurrection, Hell, Purgatory and Heaven
- Prayers- Morning Prayers
- Evening Prayers
- Prayers for Mass
- Prayer Before Mass
- Prayer Before Examining Your Conscience
- Prayer Before Entering the Confessional
- Acts Before Communion
- Acts After Communion
- The Rosary of the Blessed Virgin
- The Stations of the Cross
- Hymns- Come, Holy Ghost, Creator Blest
- O Salutaris
- Tantum Ergo
- Adeste Fideles
- Jesus, My Lord, My God
- To Jesus’ Heart All Burning
- Jesus, Gentlest Saviour
- Jesus! Saviour of My Soul
- Jesus, the Very Thought of Thee
- What Happiness Can Equal Mine?
- The Love of Jesus
- Holy God, We Praise Thy Name
- Hail, Heavenly Queen!
- Mother Dear, Oh, Pray for Me
- Ora Pro Me
- I’ll Sing a Hymn to Mary
- Daily, Daily Sing to Mary
- Hymn to St. Joseph
- Dear Guardian of Mary
- Dear Angel, Ever at My Side
- Hymn at the Communion
The Lord’s Prayer
Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name: Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us: and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
The Angelical Salutation
Hail Mary, full of grace! the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
The Apostles’ Creed
I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
I confess to Almighty God, to blessed Mary, ever Virgin, to blessed Michael the Archangel, to blessed John the Baptist, to the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and to all the Saints, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word and deed, through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore, I beseech blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and all the Saints, to pray to the Lord our God for me.
May the Almighty God have mercy on me, and forgive me my sins, and bring me to everlasting life. Amen.
May the Almighty and merciful Lord grant me pardon, absolution, and remission of all my sins. Amen.
Acts of Faith, Hope, Love & Contrition
An Act of Faith
O my God! I firmly believe that Thou art one God in three Divine Persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; I believe that Thy Divine Son became man, and died for our sins, and that he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe these and all the truths which the Holy Catholic Church teaches, because Thou hast revealed them, who canst neither deceive nor be deceived.
An Act of Hope
O my God! relying on Thy infinite goodness and promises, I hope to obtain pardon of my sins, the help of Thy grace, and life everlasting, through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer.
An Act of Love
O my God! I love Thee above all things, with my whole heart and soul, because Thou art all-good and worthy of all love. I love my neighbor as myself for the love of Thee. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured.
An Act of Contrition
O my God! I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee, and I detest all my sins, because I dread the loss of heaven and the pains of hell, but most of all because they offend Thee, my God, who art all-good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of Thy grace, to confess my sins, to do penance, and to amend my life.
The Blessing Before & After Meals
Blessing Before Meals
Bless us, O Lord! and these Thy gifts, which we are about to receive from Thy bounty, through Christ our Lord. Amen.
Grace After Meals
We give Thee thanks for all Thy benefits, O Almighty God, who livest and reignest forever, and may the souls of the faithful departed through the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.
The Manner in Which a Lay Person is to Baptize in Case of Necessity
Pour common water on the head or face of the person to be baptized, and say while pouring it: “I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”
On the End of Man
1. Q. Who made the world?A. God made the world.
2. Q. Who is God?A. God is the Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things.
3. Q. What is man?A. Man is a creature composed of body and soul, and made to the image and likeness of God.
4. Q. Is this likeness in the body or in the soul?A. This likeness is chiefly in the soul.
5. Q. How is the soul like to God?A. The soul is like God because it is a spirit that will never die, and has understanding and free will.
6. Q. Why did God make you?A. God made me to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world, and to be happy with Him forever in the next.
7. Q. Of which must we take more care, our soul or our body?A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body.
8. Q. Why must we take more care of our soul than of our body?A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body, because in losing our soul we lose God and everlasting happiness.
9. Q. What must we do to save our souls?A. To save our souls we must worship God by faith, hope, and charity; that is, we must believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him with all our heart.
10. Q. How shall we know the things which we are to believe?A. We shall know the things which we are to believe from the Catholic Church, through which God speaks to us.
11. Q. Where shall we find the chief truths which the Church teaches?A. We shall find the chief truths which the Church teaches in the Apostles’ Creed.
12. Q. Say the Apostles’ Creed.A. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell: the third day He arose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
On God and His Perfections
13. Q. What is God?A. God is a spirit infinitely perfect.
14. Q. Had God a beginning?A. God had no beginning; He always was and He always will be.
15. Q. Where is God?A. God is everywhere.
16. Q. If God is everywhere, why do we not see Him?A. We do not see God, because He is a pure spirit and cannot be seen with bodily eyes.
17. Q. Does God see us?A. God sees us and watches over us.
18. Q. Does God know all things?A. God knows all things, even our most secret thoughts, words, and actions.
19. Q. Can God do all things?A. God can do all things, and nothing is hard or impossible to Him.
20. Q. Is God just, holy, and merciful?A. God is all just, all holy, all merciful, as He is infinitely perfect.
On the Unity and Trinity of God
21. Q. Is there but one God?A. Yes; there is but one God.
22. Q. Why can there be but one God?A. There can be but one God, because God, being supreme and infinite, cannot have an equal.
23. Q. How many Persons are there in God?A. In God there are three Divine Persons, really distinct, and equal in all things — the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
24. Q. Is the Father God?A. The Father is God and the first Person of the Blessed Trinity.
25. Q. Is the Son God?A. The Son is God and the second Person of the Blessed Trinity.
26. Q. Is the Holy Ghost God?A. The Holy Ghost is God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.
27. Q. What do you mean by the Blessed Trinity?A. By the Blessed Trinity I mean one God in three Divine Persons.
28. Q. Are the three Divine Persons equal in all things?A. The three Divine Persons are equal in all things.
29. Q. Are the three Divine Persons one and the same God?A. The three Divine Persons are one and the same God, having one and the same Divine nature and substance.
30. Q. Can we fully understand how the three Divine Persons are one and the same God?A. We cannot fully understand how the three Divine Persons are one and the same God, because this is a mystery.
31. Q. What is a mystery?A. A mystery is a truth which we cannot fully understand.
32. Q. Who created heaven and earth, and all things?A. God created heaven and earth, and all things.
33. Q. How did God create heaven and earth?A. God created heaven and earth from nothing by His word only; that is, by a single act of His all-powerful will.
34. Q. Which are the chief creatures of God?A. The chief creatures of God are angels and men.
35. Q. What are angels?A. Angels are pure spirits without a body, created to adore and enjoy God in heaven.
36. Q. Were the angels created for any other purpose?A. The angels were also created to assist before the throne of God and to minister unto Him; they have often been sent as messengers from God to man; and are also appointed our guardians.
37. Q. Were the angels, as God created them, good and happy?A. The angels, as God created them, were good and happy.
38. Q. Did all the angels remain good and happy?A. All the angels did not remain good and happy; many of them sinned and were cast into hell, and these are called devils or bad angels.
On Our First Parents and the Fall
39. Q. Who were the first man and woman?A. The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.
40. Q. Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they came from the hand of God?A. Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the hand of God.
41. Q. Did God give any command to Adam and Eve?A. To try their obedience God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat of a certain fruit which grew in the garden of Paradise.
42. Q. Which were the chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve had they remained faithful to God?A. The chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve, had they remained faithful to God, were a constant state of happiness in this life and everlasting glory in the next.
43. Q. Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?A. Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God; but broke His command by eating the forbidden fruit.
44. Q. What befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?A. Adam and Eve, on account of their sin, lost innocence and holiness, and were doomed to sickness and death.
45. Q. What evil befell us on account of the disobedience of our first parents?A. On account of the disobedience of our first parents, we all share in their sin and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they had remained faithful.
46. Q. What other effects followed from the sin of our first parents?A. Our nature was corrupted by the sin of our first parents, which darkened our understanding, weakened our will, and left in us a strong inclination to evil.
47. Q. What is the sin called which we inherit from our first parents?A. The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin.
48. Q. Why is this sin called original?A. This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our first parents, and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.
49. Q. Does this corruption of our nature remain in us after original sin is forgiven?A. This corruption of our nature and other punishments remain in us after original sin is forgiven.
50. Q. Was any one ever preserved from original sin?A. The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merits of her Divine Son, was preserved free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called her Immaculate Conception.
On Sin and Its Kinds
51. Q. Is original sin the only kind of sin?A. Original sin is not the only kind of sin; there is another kind of sin, which we commit ourselves, called actual sin.
52. Q. What is actual sin?A. Actual sin is any wilful thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to the law of God.
53. Q. How many kinds of actual sin are there?A. There are two kinds of actual sin — mortal and venial.
54. Q. What is mortal sin?A. Mortal sin is a grievous offense against the law of God.
55. Q. Why is this sin called mortal?A. This sin is called mortal because it deprives us of spiritual life, which is sanctifying grace, and brings everlasting death and damnation on the soul.
56. Q. How many things are necessary to make a sin mortal?A. To make a sin mortal three things are necessary: a grievous matter, sufficient reflection, and full consent of the will.
57. Q. What is venial sin?A. Venial sin is a slight offense against the law of God in matters of less importance, or in matters of great importance it is an offense committed without sufficient reflection or full consent of the will.
58. Q. Which are the effects of venial sin?A. The effects of venial sin are the lessening of the love of God in our heart, the making us less worthy of His help, and the weakening of the power to resist mortal sin.
59. Q. Which are the chief sources of sin?A. The chief sources of sin are seven: Pride, Covetousness, Lust, Anger, Gluttony, Envy, and Sloth; and they are commonly called capital sins.
On the Incarnation and Redemption
60. Q. Did God abandon man after he fell into sin?A. God did not abandon man after he fell into sin, but promised him a Redeemer, who was to satisfy for man’s sin and reopen to him the gates of heaven.
61. Q. Who is the Redeemer?A. Our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ is the Redeemer of mankind.
62. Q. What do you believe of Jesus Christ?A. I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, true God and true man.
63. Q. Why is Jesus Christ true God?A. Jesus Christ is true God because He is the true and only Son of God the Father.
64. Q. Why is Jesus Christ true man?A. Jesus Christ is true man because He is the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary and has a body and soul like ours.
65. Q. How many natures are there in Jesus Christ?A. In Jesus Christ there are two natures, the nature of God and the nature of man.
66. Q. Is Jesus Christ more than one person?A. No, Jesus Christ is but one Divine Person.
67. Q. Was Jesus Christ always God?A. Jesus Christ was always God, as He is the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, equal to His Father from all eternity.
68. Q. Was Jesus Christ always man?A. Jesus Christ was not always man, but became man at the time of His Incarnation.
69. Q. What do you mean by the Incarnation?A. By the Incarnation I mean that the Son of God was made man.
70. Q. How was the Son of God made man?A. The Son of God was conceived and made man by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
71. Q. Is the Blessed Virgin Mary truly the Mother of God?A. The Blessed Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God, because the same Divine Person who is the Son of God is also the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
72. Q. Did the Son of God become man immediately after the sin of our first parents?A. The Son of God did not become man immediately after the sin of our first parents, but was promised to them as a Redeemer.
73. Q. How could they be saved who lived before the Son of God became man?A. They who lived before the Son of God became man could be saved by believing in a Redeemer to come, and by keeping the commandments.
74. Q. On what day was the Son of God conceived and made man?A. The Son of God was conceived and made man on Annunciation day — the day on which the Angel Gabriel announced to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she was to be the Mother of God.
75. Q. On what day was Christ born?A. Christ was born on Christmas day in a stable at Bethlehem, over nineteen hundred years ago.
76. Q. How long did Christ live on earth?A. Christ lived on earth about thirty-three years, and led a most holy life in poverty and suffering.
77. Q. Why did Christ live so long on earth?A. Christ lived so long on earth to show us the way to heaven by His teachings and example.
On Our Lord’s Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
78. Q. What did Jesus Christ suffer?A. Jesus Christ suffered a bloody sweat, a cruel scourging, was crowned with thorns, and was crucified.
79. Q. On what day did Christ die?A. Christ died on Good Friday.
80. Q. Why do you call that day “good” on which Christ died so sorrowful a death?A. We call that day “good” on which Christ died because by His death He showed His great love for man, and purchased for him every blessing.
81. Q. Where did Christ die?A. Christ died on Mount Calvary.
82. Q. How did Christ die?A. Christ was nailed to the Cross and died on it between two thieves.
83. Q. Why did Christ suffer and die?A. Christ suffered and died for our sins.
84. Q. What lessons do we learn from the sufferings and death of Christ?A. From the sufferings and death of Christ we learn the great evil of sin, the hatred God bears to it, and the necessity of satisfying for it.
85. Q. Where did Christ’s soul go after His death?A. After Christ’s death His soul descended into hell.
86. Q. Did Christ’s soul descend into the hell of the damned?A. The hell into which Christ’s soul descended was not the hell of the damned, but a place or state of rest called Limbo, where the souls of the just were waiting for Him.
87. Q. Why did Christ descend into Limbo?A. Christ descended into Limbo to preach to the souls who were in prison — that is, to announce to them the joyful tidings of their redemption.
88. Q. Where was Christ’s body while His soul was in Limbo?A. While Christ’s soul was in Limbo His body was in the holy sepulchre.