Cain and Abel (Catholic Bible II)
by William C. Michael
Study the history of Cain and Abel in the Classical Liberal Arts Academy’s Catholic Bible II course.
In this lesson, we study the history of Cain and Abel in Catholic Bible II. To complete the objectives of this lesson, complete the following tasks:
- Study the lesson for mastery.
- Complete the lesson assessment.
1. God placed Adam in a lovely garden , called Eden. It was planted with noble trees, which bore the sweetest blossoms and fruits ; flowers of every kind and hue filled it with beauty and fragrance, while from a crystal spring that gushed forth in its depths, four rivers flowed in different directions, and kept its verdure green and bright.
2. In the centre of Eden , there were two trees. One was called the “Tree of Life”; the other the “Tree of Knowledge”. Of this “Tree of Knowledge”, Adam was forbidden to eat under penalty of death, but of all the others he might eat freely.
3. God now made all the animals which He had created pass before Adam, and he gave them their names. But among them all, the first man saw none like himself, who could be a companion to him.
4. And his Creator, seeing this need of Adam’s soul, said: “It is not good for man to be alone; let us make him a help mate like unto himself.” And casting Adam into a deep sleep, He took one of his ribs and formed it into a woman.
5. When Adam awoke and beheld his beautiful companion, he was filled with joy , and exclaiming, “This is bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh , he called her Eve, which means, “the mother of all the living”.
6. It was on the sixth day of the primeval week that God created man, and on the sixth day of the most momentous week in the history of the world — Good Friday — He re-created him by redeeming him .
7. And even as Eve, the mother of man, was formed from the rib taken from Adam ‘s side , so the Church , man ‘s spiritual mother , sprang from the blood of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ pierced on the cross.
8. Adam and Eve dwelt in a state of blissful innocence in the lovely vales of Eden. They had no care for their subsistence, for the fair, new, blessed earth gave forth its produce with out toil. Mind and body were in full perfection; neither sorrow nor passion troubled the one; the other knew neither pain nor sickness.
9 . The angels were their companions; even God Himself deigned to come and converse with them. Thus, filled with pure knowledge and heavenly delights, their days passed in tranquil happiness, upon which death cast no shadow.
10. Before God had created man, He had created another species of beings called angels, with whom He peopled heaven. Many of these rebelled against Him, and God cast them from heaven into hell. The chief of these, Satan, envying the happiness of our first parents, determined to destroy it by inducing them to break the command of God.
11. The better to effect his purpose, he assumed the form of a serpent, and twined himself about the branches of the Tree of Knowledge, and when Eve drew near it, said to her, “Why hath God commanded you that you should not eat of every tree in Paradise?”12. Eve answered , “We are allowed to eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden; only of the fruit of this tree we are forbidden to eat lest we die.”
13. “No,” replied the serpent, “you will not die, if you eat of the fruit of this tree. But rather your eyes shall be opened and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.”
14. On hearing this, Eve hesitated, and looked at the fruit, which seemed to her very fair to look upon, and very good to eat. And as she gazed, the command of God not to eat it went out of her mind, and at last she plucked some and began to eat it. She then carried some to Adam, who also ate of it.
15. But no sooner was this, the first sin, committed, than the eyes of our unhappy first parents were opened, and the fact that they were naked, which had not troubled them in their innocence, now filled them with shame.
16. In their confusion they tried to make coverings for themselves out of the leaves of the fig tree. “But in the cool air of the evening they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in paradise.” Instead of running to meet Him as before, however, they hid themselves in the trees.
17. But soon they heard the voice of God calling, “Adam, where art thou?” Trembling, Adam went to Him and said, “I heard Thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” And God said, “Who told thee thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the forbidden fruit?” And Adam answered, “The woman whom Thou gavest me to be my companion gave me of the fruit and I did eat. ”
18. Then God said to Eve, “Why hast thou done this?” She replied , “The serpent deceived me, and I did eat.” So God called the serpent before Him and said, “Because thou hast done this thing thou art cursed above all the beasts of the earth. Upon thy breast thou shalt go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life. Of the daughters of Eve, one shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.”
19. Then turning to Eve, God said, “ In sorrow and pain shalt thou bring forth thy children. Thou shalt be subject to thy husband, and he shall have power over thee.”
20 . To Adam God said, “ Because thou hast listened to the voice of thy wife , and hast eaten of the tree of which I com manded thee not to eat , cursed is the earth for thy sake; with toil shalt thou eat of its fruits all the days of thy life.
21. “Thorns and thistles shall be its produce: and in the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat bread, until thou dost return to the earth, out of which thou wast made; for dust thou art, and into dust shalt thou return .”
22. God then gave Adam and Eve garments of skin to clothe themselves, and sent them out of paradise, at whose entrance he placed an angel with a flaming sword turning every way, to guard the entrance and keep the tree of life.
Comprehension questions are available for this lesson in the Academy Study Center.
Source: Complete Bible History, from the Creation of the World down to the Death of the Apostles. Sadler (1891).