The Book of Job
by William C. Michael
Study the book of Job in the Classical Liberal Arts Academy’s Sacred Scripture III course.
This Book takes its name from the holy man of whom it treats: who, according to the more probable opinion, was of the race of Esau; and the same as Jobab, king of Edom, mentioned Gen. 36.33. It is uncertain who was the writer of it. Some attribute it to Job himself; others to Moses, or some one of the prophets. In the Hebrew it is written in verse, from the beginning of the third chapter to the forty-second chapter.
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Table of Contents- Job Chapter 1
- Job Chapter 2
- Job Chapter 3
- Job Chapter 4
- Job Chapter 5
- Job Chapter 6
- Job Chapter 7
- Job Chapter 8
- Job Chapter 9
- Job Chapter 10
- Job Chapter 11
- Job Chapter 12
- Job Chapter 13
- Job Chapter 14
- Job Chapter 15
- Job Chapter 16
- Job Chapter 17
- Job Chapter 18
- Job Chapter 19
- Job Chapter 20
- Job Chapter 21
- Job Chapter 22
- Job Chapter 23
- Job Chapter 24
- Job Chapter 25
- Job Chapter 26
- Job Chapter 27
- Job Chapter 28
- Job Chapter 29
- Job Chapter 30
- Job Chapter 31
- Job Chapter 32
- Job Chapter 33
- Job Chapter 34
- Job Chapter 35
- Job Chapter 36
- Job Chapter 37
- Job Chapter 38
- Job Chapter 39
- Job Chapter 40
- Job Chapter 41
- Job Chapter 42
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Job Chapter 1
Job’s virtue and riches. Satan, by permission from God, strippeth him of all his substance. His patience.
1:1. There was a man in the land of Hus, whose name was Job, and that man was simple and upright, and fearing God, and avoiding evil.
1:2. And there were born to him seven sons and three daughters.
1:3. And his possession was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she-asses, and a family exceedingly great: and this man was great among all the people of the east.
1:4. And his sons went, and made a feast by houses, every one in his day. And sending, they called their three sisters, to eat and drink with them.
1:5. And when the days of their feasting were gone about, Job sent to them, and sanctified them: and rising up early, offered holocausts for every one of them. For he said: Lest perhaps my sons have sinned, and have blessed God in their hearts. So did Job all days.
1:6. Now on a certain day, when the sons of God came to stand before the Lord, Satan also was present among them.
1:7. And the Lord said to him: Whence comest thou? And he answered and said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.
1:8. And the Lord said to him: Hast thou considered my servant, Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a simple and upright man, and fearing God, and avoiding evil?
1:9. And Satan answering, said: Doth Job fear God in vain?
1:10. Hast thou not made a fence for him, and his house, and all his substance round about, blessed the works of his hands, and his possession hath increased on the earth?
1:11. But stretch forth thy hand a little, and touch all that he hath, and see if he bless thee not to thy face.
1:12. Then the Lord said to Satan: Behold, all that he hath is in thy hand: only put not forth thy hand upon his person. And Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord.
1:13. Now upon a certain day, when his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine, in the house of their eldest brother,
1:14. There came a messenger to Job, and said: The oxen were ploughing, and the asses feeding beside them,
1:15. And the Sabeans rushed in, and took all away, and slew the servants with the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.
1:16. And while he was yet speaking, another came, and said: The fire of God fell from heaven, and striking the sheep and the servants, hath consumed them; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.
1:17. And while he also was yet speaking, there came another, and said: The Chaldeans made three troops, and have fallen upon the camels, and taken them; moreover, they have slain the servants with the sword: and I alone have escaped to tell thee.
1:18. He was yet speaking, and behold another came in, and said: Thy sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their eldest brother,
1:19. A violent wind came on a sudden from the side of the desert, and shook the four corners of the house, and it fell upon thy children, and they are dead: and I alone have escaped to tell thee.
1:20. Then Job rose up, and rent his garments, and having shaven his head, fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,
1:21. And said: Naked came I out of my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away: as it hath pleased the Lord, so is it done: blessed be the name of the Lord.
1:22. In all these things Job sinned not by his lips, nor spoke he any foolish thing against God.
Job Chapter 2
Satan, by God’s permission, striketh Job with ulcers from head to foot: his patience is still invincible.
2:1. And it came to pass, when on a certain day the sons of God came, and stood before the Lord, and Satan came amongst them, and stood in his sight,
2:2. That the Lord said to Satan: Whence comest thou? And he answered, and said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.
2:3. And the Lord said to Satan: Hast thou considered my servant, Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a man simple and upright, and fearing God, and avoiding evil, and still keeping his innocence? But thou hast moved me against him, that I should afflict him without cause.
2:4. And Satan answered, and said: Skin for skin; and all that a man hath, he will give for his life:
2:5. But put forth thy hand, and touch his bone and his flesh, and then thou shalt see that he will bless thee to thy face.
2:6. And the Lord said to Satan: Behold, he is in thy hand, but yet save his life.
2:7. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord, and struck Job with a very grievous ulcer, from the sole of the foot even to the top of his head:
2:8. And he took a potsherd and scraped the corrupt matter, sitting on a dunghill.
2:9. And his wife said to him: Dost thou still continue in thy simplicity? bless God and die.
2:10. And he said to her: Thou hast spoken like one of the foolish women: If we have received good things at the hand of God, why should we not receive evil? In all these things Job did not sin with his lips.
2:11. Now when Job’s three friends heard all the evil that had befallen him, they came every one from his own place, Eliphaz, the Themanite, and Baldad, the Suhite, and Sophar, the Naamathite. For they had made an appointment to come together and visit him, and comfort him.
2:12. And when they had lifted up their eyes afar off, they knew him not, and crying out, they wept, and rending their garments, they sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.
2:13. And they sat with him on the ground seven day and seven nights and no man spoke to him a word: for they saw that his grief was very great.
Job Chapter 3
Job expresseth his sense of the miseries of man’s life, by cursing the day of his birth.
3:1. After this, Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,
3:2. And he said:
3:3. Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said: A man child is conceived.
3:4. Let that day be turned into darkness, let not God regard it from above, and let not the light shine upon it.
3:5. Let darkness, and the shadow of death, cover it, let a mist overspread it, and let it be wrapped up in bitterness.
3:6. Let a darksome whirlwind seize upon that night, let it not be counted in the days of the year, nor numbered in the months.
3:7. Let that night be solitary, and not worthy of praise.
3:8. Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to raise up a leviathan:
3:9. Let the stars be darkened with the mist thereof: let it expect light, and not see it, nor the rising of the dawning of the day:
3:10. Because it shut not up the doors of the womb that bore me, nor took away evils from my eyes.
3:11. Why did I not die in the womb? why did I not perish when I came out of the belly?
3:12. Why received upon the knees? why suckled at the breasts?
3:13. For now I should have been asleep and still, and should have rest in my sleep:
3:14. With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves solitudes:
3:15. Or with princes, that possess gold, and fill their houses with silver:
3:16. Or as a hidden untimely birth, I should not be; or as they that, being conceived, have not seen the light.
3:17. There the wicked cease from tumult, and there the wearied in strength are at rest.
3:18. And they sometime bound together without disquiet, have not heard the voice of the oppressor.
3:19. The small and great are there, and the servant is free from his master.
3:20. Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to them that are in bitterness of soul?
3:21. That look for death, and it cometh not, as they that dig for a treasure:
3:22. And they rejoice exceedingly when they have found the grave?
3:23. To a man whose way is hidden, and God hath surrounded him with darkness?
3:24. Before I eat I sigh: and as overflowing waters, so is my roaring:
3:25. For the fear which I feared, hath come upon me: and that which I was afraid of, hath befallen me.
3:26. Have I not dissembled? have I not kept silence? have I not been quiet? and indignation is come upon me.
Job Chapter 4
Eliphaz charges Job with impatience, and pretends that God never afflicts the innocent.
4:1. Then Eliphaz, the Themanite, answered, and said:
4:2. If we begin to speak to thee, perhaps thou wilt take it ill; but who can withhold the words he hath conceived?
4:3. Behold thou hast taught many, and thou hast strengthened the weary hands:
4:4. Thy words have confirmed them that were staggering, and thou hast strengthened the trembling knees:
4:5. But now the scourge is come upon thee, and thou faintest: It hath touched thee, and thou art troubled.
4:6. Where is thy fear, thy fortitude, thy patience, and the perfection of thy ways?
4:7. Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished being innocent? or when were the just destroyed?
4:8. On the contrary, I have seen those who work iniquity, and sow sorrows, and reap them,
4:9. Perishing by the blast of God, and consumed by the spirit of his wrath.
4:10. The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the lioness, and the teeth of the whelps of lions, are broken:
4:11. The tiger hath perished for want of prey, and the young lions are scattered abroad.
4:12. Now there was a word spoken to me in private, and my ears by stealth, as it were, received the veins of its whisper.
4:13. In the horror of a vision by night, when deep sleep is wont to hold men,
4:14. Fear seized upon me, and trembling, and all my bones were affrighted:
4:15. And when a spirit passed before me, the hair of my flesh stood up.
4:16. There stood one whose countenance I knew not, an image before my eyes, and I heard the voice, as it were, of a gentle wind.
4:17. Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be more pure than his maker?
4:18. Behold, they that serve him are not steadfast, and in his angels he found wickedness:
4:19. How much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have an earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth?
4:20. From morning till evening they shall be cut down: and because no one understandeth, they shall perish for ever.
4:21. And they that shall be left, shall be taken away from them: they shall die, and not in wisdom.
Job Chapter 5
Eliphaz proceeds in his charge, and exhorts Job to acknowledge his sins.
5:1. Call now, if there be any that will answer thee, and turn to some of the saints.
5:2. Anger indeed killeth the foolish, and envy slayeth the little one.
5:3. I have seen a fool with a strong root, and I cursed his beauty immediately.
5:4. His children shall be far from safety, and shall be destroyed in the gate, and there shall be none to deliver them.
5:5. Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches.
5:6. Nothing upon earth is done without a cause, and sorrow doth not spring out of the ground.
5:7. Man is born to labour, and the bird to fly.
5:8. Wherefore I will pray to the Lord, and address my speech to God:
5:9. Who doth great things, and unsearchable and wonderful things without number:
5:10. Who giveth rain upon the face of the earth, and watereth all things with waters:
5:11. Who setteth up the humble on high, and comforteth with health those that mourn.
5:12. Who bringeth to nought the designs of the malignant, so that their hands cannot accomplish what they had begun:
5:13. Who catcheth the wise in their craftiness, and disappointeth the counsel of the wicked:
5:14. They shall meet with darkness in the day, and grope at noonday as in the night.
5:15. But he shall save the needy from the sword of their mouth, and the poor from the hand of the violent.
5:16. And to the needy there shall be hope, but iniquity shall draw in her mouth.
5:17. Blessed is the man whom God correcteth: refuse not, therefore, the chastising of the Lord.
5:18. For he woundeth, and cureth: he striketh, and his hands shall heal.
5:19. In six troubles he shall deliver thee, and in the seventh, evil shall not touch thee.
5:20. In famine he shall deliver thee from death; and in battle, from the hand of the sword.
5:21. Thou shalt be hidden from the scourge of the tongue: and thou shalt not fear calamity when it cometh.
5:22. In destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: and thou shalt not be afraid of the beasts of the earth.
5:23. But thou shalt have a covenant with the stones of the lands, and the beasts of the earth shall be at peace with thee.
5:24. And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle is in peace, and visiting thy beauty, thou shalt not sin.
5:25. Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be multiplied, and thy offspring like the grass of the earth.
5:26. Thou shalt enter into the grave in abundance, as a heap of wheat is brought in its season.
5:27. Behold, this is even so, as we have searched out: which thou having heard, consider it thoroughly in thy mind.
Job Chapter 6
Job maintains his innocence, and complains of his friends.
6:1. But Job answered, and said:
6:2. O that my sins, whereby I have deserved wrath, and the calamity that I suffer, were weighed in a balance.
6:3. As the sand of the sea, this would appear heavier: therefore, my words are full of sorrow:
6:4. For the arrows of the Lord are in me, the rage whereof drinketh up my spirit, and the terrors of the Lord war against me.
6:5. Will the wild ass bray when he hath grass? or will the ox low when he standeth before a full manger?
6:6. Or can an unsavoury thing be eaten, that is not seasoned with salt? or can a man taste that which, when tasted, bringeth death?
6:7. The things which before my soul would not touch, now, through anguish, are my meats.
6:8. Who will grant that my request may come: and that God may give me what I look for?
6:9. And that he that hath begun may destroy me, that he may let loose his hand, and cut me off?
6:10. And that this may be my comfort, that afflicting me with sorrow, he spare not, nor I contradict the words of the Holy one.
6:11. For what is my strength, that I can hold out? or what is my end, that I should keep patience?
6:12. My strength is not the strength of stones, nor is my flesh of brass.
6:13. Behold there is no help for me in myself, and my familiar friends also are departed from me.
6:14. He that taketh away mercy from his friend, forsaketh the fear of the Lord.
6:15. My brethren have passed by me, as the torrent that passeth swiftly in the valleys.
6:16. They that fear the hoary frost, the snow shall fall upon them.
6:17. At the time when they shall be scattered they shall perish: and after it groweth hot, they shall be melted out of their place.
6:18. The paths of their steps are entangled: they shall walk in vain, and shall perish.
6:19. Consider the paths of Thema, the ways of Saba, and wait a little while.
6:20. They arc confounded, because I have hoped: they are come also even unto me, and are covered with shame.
6:21. Now you are come: and now, seeing my affliction, you are afraid.
6:22. Did I say: Bring to me, and give me of your substance?
6:23. Or deliver me from the hand of the enemy, and rescue me out of the hand of the mighty?
6:24. Teach me, and I will hold my peace: and if I have been ignorant of any thing, instruct me.
6:25. Why have you detracted the words of truth, whereas there is none of you that can reprove me?
6:26. You dress up speeches only to rebuke, and you utter words to the wind.
6:27. You rush in upon the fatherless, and you endeavour to overthrow your friend.
6:28. However, finish what you have begun: give ear and see whether I lie.
6:29. Answer, I beseech you, without contention: and speaking that which is just, judge ye.
6:30. And you shall not find iniquity in my tongue, neither shall folly sound in my mouth.
Job Chapter 7
Job declares the miseries of man’s life: and addresses himself to God.
7:1. The life of man upon earth is a warfare, and his days are like the days of a hireling.
7:2. As a servant longeth for the shade, as the hireling looketh for the end of his work;
7:3. So I also have had empty months, and have numbered to myself wearisome nights.
7:4. If I lie down to sleep, I shall say: When shall I rise? and again, I shall look for the evening, and shall be filled with sorrows even till darkness.
7:5. My flesh is clothed with rottenness and the filth of dust; my skin is withered and drawn together.
7:6. My days have passed more swiftly than the web is cut by the weaver, and are consumed without any hope.
7:7. Remember that my life is but wind, and my eye shall not return to see good things.
7:8. Nor shall the sight of man behold me: thy eyes are upon me, and I shall be no more.
7:9. As a cloud is consumed, and passeth away: so he that shall go down to hell shall not come up.
7:10. Nor shall he return any more into his house, neither shall his place know him any more.
7:11. Wherefore, I will not spare my month, I will speak in the affliction of my spirit: I will talk with the bitterness of my soul.
7:12. Am I a sea, or a whale, that thou hast inclosed me in a prison?
7:13. If I say: My bed shall comfort me, and I shall be relieved, speaking with myself on my couch:
7:14. Thou wilt frighten me with dreams, and terrify me with visions.
7:15. So that my soul rather chooseth hanging, and my bones death.
7:16. I have done with hope, I shall now live no longer: spare me, for my days are nothing.
7:17. What is a man, that thou shouldst magnify him or why dost thou set thy heart upon him?
7:18. Thou visitest him early in the morning, and thou provest him suddenly.
7:19. How long wilt thou not spare me, nor suffer me to swallow down my spittle?
7:20. I have sinned: what shall I do to thee, O keeper of men? why hast thou set me opposite to thee, and am I become burdensome to myself?
7:21. Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me in the morning, I shall not be.
Job Chapter 8
Baldad, under pretence of defending the justice of God, accuses Job, and exhorts him to return to God.
8:1. Then Baldad, the Suhite, answered, and said:
8:2. How long wilt thou speak these things, and how long shall the words of thy mouth be like a strong wind?
8:3. Doth God pervert judgment, or doth the Almighty overthrow that which is just?
8:4. Although thy children have sinned against him, and he hath left them in the hand of their iniquity:
8:5. Yet if thou wilt arise early to God, and wilt beseech the Almighty: